Walden University Aphasia Right Side Weakness Right Facial Droop Focused SOAP Note

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Description

Case Study 1:

HPI: Mario is a 66-year-old Hispanic male who presents to the emergency room at his local hospital with acute aphasia, right facial droop, and right-sided weakness. The sudden onset of symptoms occurred at the post office where he works part-time. One of his co-workers called 911. On the way to the hospital, the advanced squad team evaluated Mario’s neurologic deficits and glucose levels. The squad team then notified the receiving hospital of a possible stroke patient.

Upon Mario’s arrival at the hospital, the ER nurse practitioner proceeds to gather the patient’s medical history from his wife, Lucinda, who accompanied him in the ambulance. She tells the nurse practitioner that Mario has a history of uncontrolled hypertension (and he was often non-compliant with his anti-hypertensive medications). His recent diagnosis of diabetes also was noted, as well as the oral hypoglycemic agents he was taking.

The wife states both of Mario’s parents passed away from myocardial infarctions when they were in their late 60s.

Smoking history: Mario is a smoker, usually smoking about a pack and a half each day.

Exercise history: Mario leads a sedentary lifestyle that had contributed to his excess weight.

At 5’5” inches, Mario weighs 255 pounds. BMI of: ____

What other family history, social history, and vital signs will you obtain from the wife and the patient?

What diagnostic tests will you order for Mario to determine what type of stroke he is having? List at least four diagnostic tests you would order and explain the rationale of each test.

The CT scan indicated a diagnosis of stroke. However, the lab tests and CT scan performed on Mario indicated there was no hemorrhage or early signs of ischemia. What education can you provide the family about the results of a CT scan for the diagnosis of a brain stroke?

You tell Mario’s wife that it is crucial to recognize the signs of an impending stroke. Describe at least four symptoms and signs of stroke you will educate the patient and family to look for.

You also discuss the RISK factors for stroke with Mario’s family. Lucinda realizes that Mario meets the criteria for all of them. List at least four risk factors for having a stroke:

List at least three differential diagnoses for the symptoms listed above:

What referrals will you make for Mario after his stroke?  

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