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Discussion post1. Wilson Wins a Victory
The German Embassy in Washington had declared to Americans that they could not travel on the Lusitania. The ambassador had “pointed out that the liner was also a freighter carrying contraband 4,200 cases of small arms purchased in the United States” (714). Many people died that day due to the explosion and it went down in 18 minutes. Its “hull was blown wide open not by a torpedo, but by a secondary explosion” (714). The British had used that as a shield and those poor passengers died. Wilson took manners and took harsh actions against them. Germany did not attack any passenger vessels after that. During 1916, the “allies announced that they were arming all merchant ships, Germany responded with a declaration of “unrestricted submarine warfare” (714). The U-boats tasks were to sink an enemy vessel.
The Sussex had gone down in America during March 24, 1916. This event happened when the“French channel steamer was on a scheduled run between Dieppe and Folkestone” (714). Wilson wanted to break the alliance with Germany due to many casualties going on. The diplomatic relation was going to lead to war if Germany kept the unrestricted warfare. The “German General Staff did not want the United States in the war” (714). Wilson needed proof and actions from them. In the “Sussex Pledge of May 4, 1916, the Germans promised Wilson to observe the rules of a visit and search before attacking enemy ships” (714). They stopped using the submarines for that time which made American and Germany be at peace.
Discussion post 2.
“Americans reacted to the sudden explosion with a mixture of disbelief and disgust. “This dreadful conflict of the nations came to most of us as lightning out of a clear day” a congressman said” (707). In August of 1914, most of Europe went to war after the assassination of the archduke of Australia. With the idea that this war would die down after grief and anger was taken out, it didn’t. More assassinations began to happen causing the most of Europe to become at war at the end of the day. “Threatening talk was nothing new” (707). The French began to call for revenge from the Germans. “Americans were not unreasonable to assume that Europeans would threaten war without going to war indifferently” (708). But they were stunned when the Germans launched a massive attack against France. Appraisal was given to George Washington for warning the politicians about the US becoming involved with Europe’s disagreement. “Never did America’s moat, the Atlantic Ocean, look better” (708). When president Wilson proclaimed neutrality of the US, Americans were asked to become neutral not only in fact but in name as well.
Discussion post 3.
Which Side Are You On?
North Carolina’s Claude Kitchin argued that Europes “great arms race of the 1890s and 1900s” plunged the continent into war in the first place (716). It is true. To beef up your military means you are ready for any confrontation. Europe had been made up of secret and open alliances. France was connected to Russia, Germany heavily sided with Austria-Hungary, Great Britain disliked German military advances and Italy would side with Germany and Austria if they were ever to be attacked (707). “The Allies” consisted of France, Russia, and Great Britain. The “Central Powers” partnered Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. In August of 1914, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in the Bosnian town of Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist was the “immediate cause” of the first World War (707). Austria-Hungary declared war on the little Serbian nation soon after the assassination. Serbia’s war with Austria-Hungary spawned Russian intervention which then triggered an act of war on Russia by the Germans (Video #, 0:32). And the rest is history. The Germans where ready to fight the French on the west and the Russians to the east. “The Schlieffen Plan” was a premeditated brutal attack of the French through neutral Belgium first before dealing with the large Russian military (709). The implementation of the plan brought forth Great Britain to join the Allies.
“It got ugly really quick”
Discussion post 4.
The League is Dead
In 1919, American President Woodrow Wilson began efforts to create an international coalition for peace. (Video 3, 0:21) It was the revolutionary step in the history of international politics and was an innovative shift in diplomatic philosophy in paving the way for universal world peace. While warfare raved in Europe, President Wilson remained dedicated in his advocacy in keeping American neutrality in order to act as an effective mediator when the war was over. (Video 3, 2:42) By holding the United States in isolation, it was deemed unusual for a country that held so much power but in May of 1915, Germany began to take matters into their own hands. The civilian luxury liner Lusitaria was nearing its arrival to England when a German submarine sunk it. (Video 3, 3:07) Republican representative Theodore Roosevelt, dismayed, threatened to skin President Wilson alive if he did not go to war. Two years later, after Germany declared all-out submarine warfare against American naval activity in the Atlantic, Wilson succumbed to the war. (Video 3, 3:24) Wilson appointed an inquiry of experts to travel to Europe and identify the causes of war in the hopes of making an educated plan for peace. Although he went through so much, even battling senators to compromise on his fourteen points, on March 19th, 1920 the Senate rejected the treaty of Versailles. Wilson’s efforts to create a lasting peace among the nations died with the rejection.
Discussion post 5.
Woodrow Wilson became one of our countries biggest advocates for World Peace during WWI when he created the League of Nations. When the War broke out in Europe the US was at an isolation standstill until a German controlled submarine sunk a US passenger ship. This brought outrage to a country that had much to do with the War. A furious Teddy Roosevelt stated, “I’ll skin Woodrow Wilson alive if he does not go to war,” (video #3 3:00). It was then Woodrow Wilson believed he needed to create the League of Nations. The league of Nations principles were to help stop the War and prevent future Wars. At the end of WWI the Germans were on board with the League of Nations but the French and the British felt the punishments weren’t harsh enough for the Germans after the war. The Versailles Treaty damaged the image the US gave Germany because of the harsh conditions the French and British decided on for the Germans. This ultimately became the downfall for the League of Nations because Adolf Hitler came into power and broke the League of Nations. This is significant because even thought the League of Nations failed it did however help create the United Nations which still stands today and has instilled World Peace. This is all because Woodrow Wilson decided to help humanity stand together not as barbarians fighting each other but civil human beings who want Peace in society.
This is the logo of the League of Nations when is started in 1919 after the WWI.
WHile the League of Nations is no longer significant the United Nations is and this is an image of the declarion signing of the UN.