Discussion: Preventing Disease in Communities: The Role of Public Health, the Silent Sentinel Our “world” starts with our own community, county, and state, then moves out in concentric rings from th

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Discussion: Preventing Disease in Communities: The Role of Public Health, the Silent Sentinel

Our “world” starts with our own community, county, and state, then moves out in concentric rings from that point to include our country and eventually the world. Disease is transmitted from person to person through direct contact, or from a source such as a vector or contaminated water through a variety of means, such as flood waters or even terrorist actions. Individuals with limited or no knowledge of safe sex methods may have unprotected sexual relations and knowingly or unknowingly transmit disease to their partners, then to their partners’ partners, and on and on. Often it is the role of the public health nurse to investigate a disease outbreak, contain it, and then educate others so that the same situation doesn’t happen again.

In this Discussion, you will visit a site and interview people who work there about risks for disease transmission, then report on your findings.

PART I

To prepare, select which site you will visit from the following options:

  • High school nurse’s office
  • Water treatment plant
  • Public health department
  • Pediatrician’s office

Create a brief description of your setting, providing some context; for example, how many patients are seen, size or capacity of the facility as applicable, and/or the location of the office or organization.

Take pictures of the building and surrounding area/neighborhood to provide context. You do not have to include the interior/s of the building/s or people/clients who may be there.

Then, during your site visit, pose the questions listed in the following chart:

High school nurse

  • What is the school’s policy on giving students advice about birth control?
  • How often do you get requests for information about birth control or how to protect oneself from an STD?
  • How do you track vaccination compliance, and what happens to students who fall out of compliance?

PART II

Now, look at the site you visited through the eyes of the public health nurse (PHN). Imagine you are the PHN and have been asked to investigate an outbreak at this facility.

  • What questions would you ask?
  • What suggestions could you make to avoid a disease outbreak at the facility?
  • What would your role as a change agent be for any deficiencies you find in your on-site inspection?

I have chosen to interview a high school nurse and a copy of my answers to the quesions are in an attachment

Discussion: Preventing Disease in Communities: The Role of Public Health, the Silent Sentinel Our “world” starts with our own community, county, and state, then moves out in concentric rings from th
A: What is the school’s policy on giving students advice about birth control? B: How often do you get requests for information about birth control or how to protect oneself from an STD? C: How do you track vaccination compliance, and what happens to students who fall out of compliance? Answers A: teaching about contraceptives such as condoms or the pill is to be covered in sex education class. Abstinence must be covered in sex education classes. Information provided must be age appropriate. Abstinence must be covered as the only completely effective protection against unplanned pregnancy, STD and HIV/AIDS when transmitted sexually. Minors can obtain a prescription for birth control without the parent consent. B: with sex education classes provided and information about birth control and STD are covered, the request for information is minimal. Occasionally a teenage girl who is sexually active may come in requesting additional information about birth control. C: Vaccination compliance is tracked by paper medical records requested from the parent or guardian or a sign consent is sent home for the school nurse to request records from the child’s pediatrician. A student may fall out of compliance for several reasons which may include medical, religious, or socioeconomic reasons. For those that fall out of compliance, counseling is provided, improved access to vaccination is also provided and offering combination of needed vaccines to catch up is suggested.

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